Ides of March

 

 

LE IDI DI MARZO

tu quoque, Brute, fili mi?

Il 15 marzo del 44 a.C.  Gaio Giulio Cesare fu assassinato a Roma e per i Romani questa data costituiva le idi di marzo. Fu ucciso da una congiura di circa sessanta senatori custodi della tradizione repubblicana che temevano la fine della Repubblica e che  Giulio Cesare potesse nominarsi Re di Roma. Tra di loro anche senatori spinti da dissidi personali o invidia o rancore.  Tra i cospiratori c’era anche Bruto, figlio di un’amante dello stesso Cesare. Giulio Cesare fu assassinato a Torre Argentina, nella parte inferiore in quella che allora era la Curia di Pompeo.

Assassination of Julius Caesar

Lezioni Americane

 

Incipit

Dedicher√≤ la prima conferenza all’opposizione leggerezza-peso, e sosterr√≤ le ragioni della leggerezza. Questo non vuol dire che io consideri le ragioni del peso meno valide, ma solo che sulla leggerezza penso d’aver pi√Ļ cose da dire.
Dopo quarant’anni che scrivo fiction, dopo aver esplorato varie strade e compiuto esperimenti diversi, √® venuta l’ora che io cerchi una definizione complessiva per il mio lavoro; proporrei questa: la mia operazione √® stata il pi√Ļ delle volte una sottrazione di peso; ho cercato di togliere peso ora alle figure umane, ora ai corpi celesti, ora alle citt√†; soprattutto ho cercato di togliere peso alla struttura del racconto e al linguaggio.

 

Six Memos for the Next Millennium

 

Lezioni Americane, sei proposte per il prossimo millennio √® un libro scritto in seguito ad un ciclo di sei Lezioni tenute da Italo Calvino¬†all’Universit√† di Harvard¬†nell’ambito delle “Poetry Lectures”.

Ogni lezione prende spunto da un valore della letteratura¬†che Calvino considerava importante e che considerava alla base della letteratura per il nuovo millennio. L’ordine delle lezioni non √® casuale; segue infatti una gerarchia decrescente; si comincia dalla caratteristica pi√Ļ importante (la leggerezza) e si procede con la trattazione di quelle meno essenziali.

  1. Leggerezza
  2. Rapidità
  3. Esattezza
  4. Visibilità
  5. Molteplicità
  6. Coerenza (solo progettata)

 

Six Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard, but never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy.  The memos are lectures on the values of literature which Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium. At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture.

The values which Calvino highlights are:

  1. Lightness
  2. Quickness
  3. Exactitude
  4. Visibility
  5. Multiplicity

 

Italo Calvino¬†was an¬†Italian¬†journalist¬†and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the¬†Our Ancestors¬†trilogy (1952‚Äď1959), the¬†Cosmicomics¬†collection of short stories (1965), and the novels¬†Invisible Cities¬†(1972) and¬†If on a winter’s night a traveler¬†(1979).

Lionised in Britain and the United States, he was the most-translated contemporary Italian writer at the time of his death, and a noted contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature.

(Wiki)

International Mother Language Day

 

Linguistic and cultural diversity represent universal values that strengthen the unity and cohesion of societies. The recognition of the importance of linguistic diversity led to UNESCO’s decision to celebrate International Mother Language Day.

 

 

International Mother Language Day

What level am I?

According to the “Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment” (CEFR), learners of a foreign language can be divided¬†into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels:

A Basic User

A1 Breakthrough or beginner

  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
  • Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.
A2 Waystage or elementary

  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

B Independent User

B1 Threshold or intermediate

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
B2 Vantage or upper intermediate

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

C Proficient User

C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
  • Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
C2 Mastery or proficiency

  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.
What level are you?
Email me at: cristinaeclassroom@gmail.com and take the test!